Your community association and its network of volunteers have compiled this information piece to answer the most common questions on tree management in QTN.
Who decides when trees are taken down and planted in Frank Ryan and Elmhurst Woods?
The City’s Forestry Department is staffed by nine trained Professional Foresters recognized by the Province of Ontario. Professional foresters work includes anything to do with the development, management, conservation and sustainability of forests, including urban forests, which requires postsecondary education and experience. They are responsible for planning, implementing and evaluating all activities related to forest management. They make decisions such as when, where and how to harvest and reforest areas. They also ensure the protection of forest values including fish, wildlife and water.
The complete definition of what a Professional Forester does is set out in the Professional Foresters Act, 2000: found here: http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/statutes/english/elaws_statutes_00p18_e.htm
Why were so many trees taken down in the fall 2020 in Frank Ryan Woods?
The City has removed the trees in Frank Ryan Park and Elmhurst Woods in the fall of 2020 due to hazards observed this summer. Specifically, City foresters noted several ash trees in Elmhurst Woods with visible root flare weakness and increasing numbers of failures (falling trees). In the interest of public safety the City came in and removed the dead ash trees.
Emerald Ash Borer was identified as a significant concern in 2015 by the City foresters. Frank Ryan Park and Elmhurst Woods were woodlots with a large proportions of ash trees identified. In the winter of 2015, the City cleared a large number of ash trees from the wooded areas of these two features. The next spring, they planted 2,500 saplings from native species to replace the lost ash trees and increase species diversity. Subsequent monitoring in 2019 resulted in the planting of an additional 500 trees. For these reasons there may be a requirement to remove more trees in the future and for more plantings.
Couldn’t the City leave the dead tree standing to provide habitat for wildlife?
The City staff are aware of the wildlife components of the woodlots and they endeavour to leave beneficial trees when possible, including leaving the trunk of dead trees standing (these are known as ‘snags’), as long as it is a safe distance from walking paths or other features (e.g., fences, houses). Unfortunately, City arborists are generally not allowed to climb dead trees so would be unable to cut the tops of trees out for this purpose. As you can guess, this limits the number of possibilities for leaving dead trunks to benefit wildlife as they can only do this for dead trees they can reach with a bucket truck and NOT damage other trees while doing so.
Are trees that are taken down being replaced?
Yes, as an example, in the spring of 2015, 2,500 saplings from native species were planted in Elmhurst and Frank Ryan Woods to replace the lost ash trees and increase species diversity. Subsequent monitoring in 2019 resulted in the planting of an additional 500 trees.
How do we know that the new trees will survive?
The planted trees are monitored three times over a 5-7 year period using sample plots. Sample plots allow the foresters to determine the relative health of all planted trees by looking at smaller representative samples of trees. The goal for the tree plantings and for Frank Ryan Park and Elmhurst Woods is to create a safe and more diverse forest so that these areas can continue to contribute positively to the community and all the other benefits that urban woodlots provide.
How can we be informed of the tree management activities taken place in QTN?
The QTN association has requested that notifications for work to be taken place in our forest be provided by the City. At this time, we expect that such notification would be funneled through the Bay Ward Councillor’s office. You can sign up to receive weekly news update from the Councillor’s office here: https://www.baywardbulletin.ca/
So many trees were lost due to infill development, can they be replaced?
The City of Ottawa states “Compensation for privately owned trees will vary depending on the circumstances of the removal. In non-development scenarios, replacement of the tree at a 1:1 ratio will be required. For infill development, tree replacement is required at a 2:1 ratio for distinctive trees 30 to 49 cm in diameter and at a 3:1 ratio for distinctive trees 50 cm or greater in diameter. Financial compensation may be accepted if some of the required compensation trees cannot be accommodated on the site. Developments proceeding under the Planning Act will be required to provide suitable numbers of new or replacement trees through the required Landscape Plan.”
Tree compensation requirements are provided in Schedule B of the Tree Protection (By-law No. 2020-340) which came into effect on January 1st, 2021 and found here: https://ottawa.ca/en/living-ottawa/laws-licences-and-permits/laws/law-z/tree-protection-law-no-2020-340#schedule-b-tree-compensation-requirements
I would like to have a tree planted on my property, can the City help?
The City of Ottawa has a variety of existing tree planting programs that can be found on their website, including suggestions for parks and streetscape plantings, commemorative tree planting, and schoolyard tree planting.